Black and White Although black and white photography is not trendy, it has staying power and will remain a classic among photographers. If, for example you take an image of a deeply green forest thick with fog and change it to black and white, you get a different vibe or story. In color the forest seems alive, lush, the fog will add a soft quietness. Black and white however, gives this scene a haunted, foreboding feeling, the fog becomes menacing, a danger. Black and white photos also uses light and shadow that will give more depth to the image, and presence to your subject and can express strong emotion.
Film Cameras While film does have its disadvantages, cost, limited shots, and the inability of preview, it does have a soft and rustic look. This may be due to camera’s sensors and its remarkable ability to capture light, especially natural light. Film cameras are impractical for professional use, but for the hobbyist and the artistic photographers, they have a value and quality above digital. The demand for vintage high-quality film cameras is climbing, and sadly some are purchased as collections doomed to sit on a shelf and gather dust.
Digital Infrared Playing with infrared effects is far more easier than it was when photographers used film cameras. It required special film and filters plus it had to be stored in certain temperatures, it was only for the serious and most dedicated photographer. Today, most digital cameras have built in IR filter, you can also have yours customized too. Photoshop and Elements have settings to convert colored photos to infrared black and white or monochromatic. If you want a clean detailed and sharper image, it’s best to convert your digital to an IR dedicated camera. There are some filters you can purchase as well. High Dynamic Range Imaging Or HDRI for short, gives your images a wider and deeper range of colors and depth by combining several shots all with varying exposures of the same image to create one magnificent and powerful image. This process has been used since the early days of film and it’s gaining popularity. With the help of photography processing software you can layer your multiple exposure level images for maximum effect and a realistic image that’s closer to what the human eye sees.
Macro Photography Getting uber close-ups of smaller objects at 6 inches to 2 feet away. Macro lenses allow photographers to gain far more cleaner detailed close-ups. Just remember if you’re new to photography it’s about the numbers (60mm to 200mm) not the label, learn the difference between macro lens versus macro zoom. Macro lenses are very specific and corrected lenses that allow the photographer to get up close and personal to small subjects like insects and flowers. Macro zoom on the other hand is just another way of labeling a lens as close focusing.
Bokeh Effects Bokeh simply means “blurred”in Japanese. Many creative photographers are purposely creating a blurred or fuzzy effect of background lights making them look like orbs, while keeping the subject’s image clear and clean. For example if the subject image is a glass of champagne, the background lighting might be candlelights, or fireworks. The further away the backgrounds lights, the better the bokeh effect will be. This effect can be accomplished with your standard camera or you can upload such an image and use photo editing software or look for online applications where you upload your image and apply the effect.